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by Magnus O. Bassey


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This book engages its readers in a serious discussion about how Malcolm X led the fight for social, political, and economic justice for African Americans and defended the rights of black people throughout the world.

The book argues that Malcolm spent almost all of his entire adult life trying to liberate the oppressed and the oppressors alike by speaking to the oppressors pointedly and with audacious sincerity and challenging their long standing claim of racial superiority.

"I slowly saw that not only was I not free, but my brothers and sisters were not free. I saw that it was not just my freedom that was curtailed, but the freedom of everyone who looked like I did.

It was this desire for the freedom of my people to live their lives with dignity and self-respect that animated my life, that transformed a frightened young man into a bold one, that drove a law-abiding attorney to become a criminal, that turned a family-loving husband into a man without a home, that forced a life-loving man to live like a monk. I am no more virtuous or self-sacrificing than the next man, but I found that I could not even enjoy the poor and limited freedoms I was allowed when I knew my people were not free. Freedom is indivisible; the chains on any one of my people were the chains on all of them, the chains on all of my people were the chains on me." ...... . .. Nelson Mandela

This book is a narrative of how Malcolm X spent most of his adult life fighting against the social, political and economic injustices imposed on African Americans in the United States as well as injustices meted out to black people throughout the world. He expressed "what it felt like to be black in America and spoke from the authority of his own experience." He spoke of a society where being black meant degradation, misery, sufferings and discrimination and sought justice for African Americans in particular and indeed for black people throughout the world in general. In criticizing the American bi-racial society, Malcolm used compelling logic and reason and spoke the language of the common man. He argued that blacks in America were suffering from the legacy of slavery and discrimination. He criticized domination and questioned the structured inequality in American society. He called for a different type of power arrangement in the United States and was concerned about issues of fairness, distributive justice, respect and dignity for all. He saw a tragic link between Christianity and the terrible plight of African Americans and argued that Christianity was soaked in "double standard of oppression," and called for other alternatives.

Malcolm understood that slavery, racism, discrimination, oppression and the Jim Crow laws had created in African Americans battered identities and twisted their self-worth and he knew he had to do something about it. Thus, he exposed the terrible psychological consequences of black self-hate and transformed African American self-consciousness. In doing so, Malcolm helped African Americans to "realize and accept their blackness as the essential element in the definition of their humanity."

About The Author

Dr. Magnus O. Bassey is an Associate Professor in the Department of Secondary Education and Youth Services at Queens College, The City University of New York. He is the author of Western Education and Political Domination in Africa:

A Study in Critical and Dialogical Pedagogy and Missionary Rivalry and Educational Expansion in Nigeria, 1885 – 1945. Dr. Bassey has also authored numerous academic articles including, Malcolm X: Islam and African American Self-Consciousness.

 To order a copy or copies of this book, contact:

Xlibris Corporation

1 – 888 – 795 – 4274 (Go to Bookstore/Search/Bassey)

Book Price, $17. 84

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